x86 Instruction Set Reference


Compute Reciprocal of Square Root of Scalar Single- Precision Floating-Point Value

Opcode Mnemonic Description
F3 0F 52 /r RSQRTSS xmm1, xmm2/m32 Computes the approximate reciprocal of the square root of the low single-precision floating-point value in xmm2/m32 and stores the results in xmm1.

Computes an approximate reciprocal of the square root of the low single-precision floatingpoint value in the source operand (second operand) stores the single-precision floating-point result in the destination operand. The source operand can be an XMM register or a 32-bit memory location. The destination operand is an XMM register. The three high-order doublewords of the destination operand remain unchanged. See Figure 10-6 in the IA-32 Intel Architecture Software Developer's Manual, Volume 1 for an illustration of a scalar single-precision floating-point operation.

The relative error for this approximation is:

|Relative Error| <= 1.5 * 2-12 The RSQRTSS instruction is not affected by the rounding control bits in the MXCSR register.

When a source value is a 0.0, an infinite of the sign of the source value is returned. A denormal source value is treated as a 0.0 (of the same sign). When a source value is a negative value (other than -0.0), a floating-point indefinite is returned. When a source value is an SNaN or QNaN, the SNaN is converted to a QNaN or the source QNaN is returned.

Destination[0..31] = Approximate(1.0 / SquareRoot(Source[0..31]));
//Destination[32..127] remains unchanged
Instruction Latency Throughput Execution Unit
RSQRTSS xmm, xmm6/6/-4/4/1MMX_MISC MMX_SHFT